In this piece, I want to write about the latest update in agriculture technology. There have been some major advances in the last 50 years in the technology agriculture sector, specifically in Information and Communication Technology. The field of Agriculture is one such field, which has seen a lot of change. The scope for improvement is enormous.
Tillage was one such technology that saw huge changes. A mechanical tillage system was invented, where an elongated blade would be placed above the surface of the soil, mechanically guided by computer software. This would enable the farmer to collect the produce that had been growing on the surface of the soil. The farmer need not till the land again or replant the same area. Instead, he can just let the machine collect the crop for him.
Biotechnology too has played a major role in this regard. The use of genetically modified seeds to increase yield has come into the limelight. Another such technology that is making huge waves in the field of agriculture is the irrigation machine. Irrigation is a process where water is sent to the field through a very large pipe. The challenge in such a case would be to select the best possible technology available for increasing the efficiency with which water is delivered.
In such a case, it may become inevitable for the user to take help from a sprinkler system. A sprinkler is high-technology equipment that is used in irrigation. It is used in many other fields also, in industries as well as in agriculture. This is a fairly simple machine. There are many common factors that drive the technology trends in the case study of irrigation.
The most important of these factors in such a case study is the cost factor. In a country like India, the actual cost of using such a technology would be very high. In fact, it could even cross the boundaries of the Indian budget. In such a scenario, the cost-effectiveness of the technology comes into the limelight. In most cases, the analysis goes in favor of the technology that offers the lowest cost with maximum efficiency.
In terms of irrigation in the case study of agriculture, there are three technologies that are being used. The first is surface-to-surface water pipes. This is followed by the use of infiltration systems. Finally, the last is the subsurface-water system. All these are being deployed in different parts of the country. The analysis goes in favor of the use of the underground-based system, especially in the arid and semi-arid locations.
The technological development of the agricultural sector in India can be traced back to the late 1990s. With the initiation of Information technology, the growth of agriculture too gained a boost. Today, agriculture has become an important part of the Indian economy. However, the recent recession has led to a decline in agricultural production, leading to a rise in the demand for more advanced technologies.
This in turn has given rise to a plethora of new technologies that have come into use over the past few years. In this context, the use of integrated technology in agriculture is also gaining popularity. A case study on integrated technology in agriculture can be easily drawn up, as it has helped farmers in numerous ways. The advantages of using integrated technology in agriculture can be explored in greater depth.
First and foremost, it leads to a reduction in the inputs. Traditional practices include the use of labor and heavy machines to cultivate the land. While this may be beneficial in the short term, the impact of such practices on the environment is immense. Also, extensive use of pesticides and chemicals results in damage to the soil, water bodies, and the air. The case study on integrated technology in agriculture will show that the use of technology has led to a reduction in the use of labor while introducing a new and better technology for improved farming.
In another context, technology-based solutions are also proving to be very useful. The use of irrigation technology is revolutionizing farm management in India. Irrigation technology in India is specifically designed to save water and save money at the same time. In fact, with the advent of this revolutionary strategy, many farmers have been able to bring their yields up by up to forty percent. Additionally, when combined with inputs of bio-organic systems, irrigation technology can also dramatically improve the environmental performance of an agricultural enterprise.
Another important example is that of irrigation for rural development in India. As this practice becomes more widespread throughout the country, the beneficiaries become more aware of the need for sustainable development. They also realize that pursuing development without addressing the issues of resource utilization can adversely affect the health of the people in the long run. This realization encourages rural development in India that will hopefully benefit the country for years to come.